A large event was held for the 21st anniversary of the Uprising of the Iraqi Kurdistan Region on Monday inside University of Kurdistan Hewler (UKH). The event included celebration of the Uprising of 1991, known in Kurdish as the Raparin, in which the Baath regime organs in the Iraqi Kurdistan were ousted and overthrown. The Uprising started in Rania and within days spread to Suleymania, Erbil, Duhok and Kirkuk, which was liberated on the 21st of March.
The Uprising was then severely crushed by the Baath regime and caused mass exodus of millions of people to the border areas and neighboring countries. The images of the exodus was displayed on the world television channels caused public opinions in countries who forced their leaders to establish the No-Fly Zone in only three provinces of Iraqi Kurdistan. In the Uprising thousands of people died from the battle between Peshmargas and regime forces and the exodus.
In 1992 the first Parliament and cabinet of the Iraqi Kurdistan Region was established and elected. UKH looks up to this day and gives it a special attention to make the student aware of their national glories. Every year on 5th March, students display videos that refer to the bravery of Pesharaga; students and staff wear Kurdish traditional dress and dance Kurdish halparke.
It is one of the colorful days in University of Kurdistan Hewler, as the flag of Kurdistan is flown from the UKH academic building. The event also included reading poems on Kurdish survival, the martyrdom and the revolutions. In his speech to the audience, UKH Vice-Chancellor Professor Serwan Baban referred to the times when Kurds had no freedom and there was fear behind every door, days "that no one knew what would happen to them the day after." He also said that the struggle of the former generation has provided the liberty, freedom and prosperity that today we are enjoying. "Commemoration of this event is a tribute we pay to those who contributed to what we have today," said Professor Baban.